Adapting the Bible’s Ancient Images for the Modern Ear

There’s something ancient about preaching. As preachers, the centerpiece of our work is a 2000-year-old book. But there’s also something about preaching that’s undeniably contemporary. We lead people marked by 21st-century tensions. The preacher’s task is therefore doubly daunting: Faithfully handle an ancient text, and then teach it in a way that’s accessible to a modern ear.

Each week, preachers walk on a balance beam. Preach the text without considering the modern listener, and we fall to the right: “faithful, but irrelevant.” Preach to the contemporary ear, but only glance at the text, and we fall to the left: “initially compelling, ultimately shallow.” Karl Barth’s maxim is worth repeating: “A good sermon is prepared by a preacher who has one eye on the Bible and the other on the newspaper.”

But what happens when the sticking point of a sermon rests on an image, idea, place, or name that seems trapped in a distant cultural context?

Case in point: millstones.

I serve in a church with several teaching pastors. Our lead pastor handles the bulk of the preaching load, with the other four of us preaching about once every three months.

A few months back, Matthew 18 was coming up on the preaching calendar—and the text fell to me.

The narrative reaches its crescendo when Jesus says: “Whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in me to sin, it would be better for him to have a great millstone fastened around his neck and to be drowned in the depth of the sea” (Matthew 18:6, ESV).

Millstones. Neck. Drowned.


I’m not a miller. No one in our church is a miller. (What exactly is a “miller” anyway?)

As it turns out, a large millstone weighed about 250 pounds. Most families in first-century Israel had one. It was a familiar image for Jesus’ audience, but has simply lost its power over time owing to modern agricultural methods. It’s harder to relate to a millstone in 2017. If I was going to faithfully represent Jesus’ message about the severity of sin, then, I needed a memorable way to bring his picture back to life.

Here’s what I landed on: What Jesus is saying here is that “It would be better for you to go in your backyard, get your garden hose, tie one end around the handle of your refrigerator, and tie the other end of around your neck. Then, have your neighbor take you ten miles out into Lake Erie—and push the fridge over the edge.”

I said it slowly. Phrase by phrase.

I noticed more than a few smiles, and I was encouraged by a few conversations after worship. One guy even said that he’d “never open his fridge the same way again.” The point stuck.

Here’s why it worked:

Good metaphors are contemporary: The image of a refrigerator metaphor resonated because it’s a recognized fixture of our modern world.

Good metaphors are common: Nearly everyone I know has a refrigerator. They open and close it dozens of times throughout the day—usually without really thinking about it.

Good metaphors are consistent: If you’d lived in Israel during the first century, there was a good chance your moving buddies weren’t looking forward to helping you lug your millstone around from house to house. Same with a fridge.

Good metaphors are compelling: While the mental picture of tethering yourself to your fridge via garden hose is certainly ridiculous, it was still pretty powerful. Incidentally, Jesus’ most compelling images were usually the most ridiculous. (“Camel through a needle’s eye,” anyone?)

A great metaphor doesn’t explain what something is, but what something is like. In that way, metaphors have a disarming and even an enchanting effect on the hearer. A well-crafted metaphor serves the modern preacher well, allowing the hard truths of the Word easy entrance into the head while they slowly take root in the soul.

Brannon Marshall is the Pastor of Adult Ministries at The North Canton Chapel in North Canton, Ohio. A perpetual student of missiology and church health, Brannon is the author of Move (Awana, 2014) and The Courageous Adventures of Lilly Hilltopper (Ephemera, 2015). He deeply believes that every piece of lasagna should be a corner piece. Ditto for brownies.

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